82 years old, the German philosopher Jürgen Habermas left his desk to defend « the European project cannot remain the case of an elite. »
Among his advised remarks, he argues that the current crisis of Europe « sees the telescoping of functional requirements and system » making reference to the debts of states and market pressure.
But he also criticizes « political parties [and] our leaders [who] are no longer capable of binding other purpose than their next re-election, and this long, they do not offer anything, they no longer have any conviction « . Their « separation of European ideals » is thus the main cause of the peril faced by the European project.
Habermas on « From the state of Europe »
Habermas proposes that as a follow-up of democracy and capitalism?
The answer is given in his last work as an essay entitled « Zur Verfassung Europe » [« From the state of Europe » which will be translated in French by Gallimard soon]. Habermas denounces confiscation of power that is no longer in the hands of the people but now in the hands of instances of dubious legitimacy as the European Council. For Habermas, the peoples of Europe were « victims, long ago, a silent coup technocrats. »
Jürgen Habermas speaks of « post-democratic » to describe what Angela Merkel and Nicolas Sarkozy are putting in place. Institutions that compose the European Parliament, whose influence is limited, the European Commission, which adopts a « curious floating position, » acting without really being accountable, and above all, the European Council, which the Lisbon Treaty has strengthened the position and Jürgen Habermas refers to as « anomaly » of « government body that makes policy without authorization. »
However, Habermas remains a stubborn optimist who « firmly believes in the popular reason. A democracy with old, well-ordered. A public opinion used to turn things around. »
Habermas says he became aware of a setback for democracy in Europe after 2008 and denounced the « political elites [who] have absolutely no interest in explaining to the public that important decisions are taken in Strasbourg. They are afraid of one thing to lose their power. »
Therefore, from his point of view, it is for citizens of Europe to « make their influence democratic governments that now operate in a gray area of a constitutional point of view. » Indeed, « the Union is not a federation of states or a federal state, but something new, a legal community agreed to by the peoples of Europe with the citizens of Europe, that is to say that we have agreed between us excluding our respective governments. Depriving course Angela Merkel and Nicolas Sarkozy of the basis of their power, but also is his goal. »
The other option is that for Habermas « the media [which] should help citizens understand what is the impact of the Union on their lives. The political pressure to which they would be subject if Europe fails. Therefore democratize the Union, but in practice, how? » There, Habermas does not respond accurately.
Undoubtedly, the crisis in the euro area makes it to this point of view required greater integration of EU policy. One thing is certain for Habermas, it is « more Europe »! And this means « institutionalization undeniable joint decisions. »
To do this, politicians should « finally put the European maps on the table in order to inform the European public attack on the relationship between short-term costs and the value true, that is to say on the meaning history of the European project. «
But instead, Habermas criticizes EU politicians to « cozy up to a population they have themselves helped by the darkening of a complex subject and unloved. On the threshold between the economic and political unification of Europe, the policy seems to hold his breath and head back into the shoulders. »
What can the European Union: Let time take its course?
It may be noted at the outset that the European Union (EU) is not competent to harmonize national economies simply because the EU is a union of sovereign democracy.
Also, has anyone ever asked the citizens of the Union if they wanted to be Europeans? How to claim to speak for Europe without asking the citizens of the Member States of the EU willingness to join a European identity?
Under these conditions, « strengthen » anti-democratic institutions of the EU is of ideological sham.
Finally, most of the structural problems facing the EU today come from the imposition of capitalist ambitions in the euro area, while the natural fertilization to a European and global multiculturalism could argue positively and at a gradual pace. Everything grows to be stronger and more consistent when it is left to a natural rhythm. This is reflected in the difference in perception as to generations of attitudes toward European homogeneity. Brussels wants the wine before the grapes are pressed.
Implement the European utopia asks us more responsibility and to demonstrate with facts that a new era of humanity is possible in all sectors of society. The peoples of the EU must learn from their history and their shared values to found a European company. Social ties while a European political project born founder of a new European Union institutions with sustainable and harmonious.
Habermas: Lyrics of « Kéké » Europeanist
Habermas banged his fist on the table “does the Kéké” crying : “That’s enough now! Because » (…) it’s too important. It is necessary that everyone understands that we have some very important decisions to make. That’s why I joined in the debate (…) « .
To face the pressure of financial markets, the EU must obtain « the political skills necessary guidance to ensure that at least in the heart of Europe, that is to say, among the members of the European currency area, a convergence of economic and social developments. »
To build « the first supranational community democratically legalized » as Habermas calls for, you must have line of sight that « political integration supported on social welfare is necessary for the plurality national and cultural richness of the biotope the « old Europe » to be protected from grading in an increase in globalization tense ».
A fortiori, Habermas notes that « so far in any EU country, there has never been a single European election or a referendum only issues were not confined to national issues. But with a little bit of political will, the crisis of the single currency may give rise to what some have hoped that one day European foreign policy would bring: consciousness, beyond national borders, to share a European destiny common. »
French Version Here